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Differences in water-use-efficiency between two Vitis vinifera cultivars (Grenache and Tempranillo) explained by the combined response of stomata to hydraulic and chemical signals during water stress

AutorMartorell, Sebastià; Díaz-Espejo, Antonio ; Tomàs, Magdalena ; Pou, Alicia; El Aououad, H.; Escalona, José Mariano; Vadell, J.; Ribas-Carbó, Miquel; Flexas, Jaume; Medrano Gil, Hipólito
Palabras claveGrapevine
Hydraulic conductance
Abscisic acid
Water use efficiency
Osmotic adjustment
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónAgricultural Water Management 156: 1- 9 (2015)
Resumen© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Knowledge about regulation of stomatal conductance is necessary to improve grapevine water use efficiency. The vast range of grapevine cultivars may allow choosing the best-performing ones to global changing conditions provided the understanding and characterization of their physiological responses. In this study, a comparison between two cultivars (Tempranillo and Grenache) with different reputation in water use efficiency was performed during two experimental years in field-conditions. Water relations, leaf gas exchange and abscisic acid (ABA) dynamics were measured at different phenological stages along the growing seasons. A clear difference in the regulation of leaf water relations was observed between cultivars under water stress conditions. Specifically, results showed that there is a clear relationship between hydraulic conductance (K<inf>h</inf>) and stomatal regulation. However, ABA can exert a differentiating role on stomatal control during different stages within the grapevine growth period. Furthermore, this study showed that differences in osmotic adjustment could lead to substantial differentiation in the stomatal regulation and the leaf water use efficiency.
Descripción9 páginas.-- 7 figuras.-- 2 tablas.-- 55 referencias
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2015.03.011
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/115424
DOI10.1016/j.agwat.2015.03.011
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2015.03.011
issn: 1873-2283
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