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The GAGA protein of Drosophila is phosphorylated by CK2

AuthorsBonet-Costa, Carles ; Fernández, Irene; Aran-Guiu, Xavier; Bernués, Jordi ; Giralt, Ernest; Azorín, Ferran
Gene expression
Issue Date19-Aug-2005
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationJournal of Molecular Biology 351(3): 562-572 (2005)
AbstractThe GAGA factor of Drosophila is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that contributes to multiple processes from the regulation of gene expression to the structural organisation of heterochromatin and chromatin remodelling. GAGA is known to interact with various other proteins (tramtrack, pipsqueak, batman and dSAP18) and protein complexes (PRC1, NURF and FACT). GAGA functions are likely regulated at the level of post-translational modifications. Little is known, however, about its actual pattern of modification. It was proposed that GAGA can be O-glycosylated. Here, we report that GAGA519 isoform is a phosphoprotein that is phosphorylated by CK2 at the region of the DNA-binding domain. Our results indicate that phosphorylation occurs at S388 and, to a lesser extent, at S378. These two residues are located in a region of the DNA-binding domain that makes no direct contact with DNA, being dispensable for sequence-specific recognition. Phosphorylation at these sites does not abolish DNA binding but reduces the affinity of the interaction. These results are discussed in the context of the various functions and interactions that GAGA supports. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2005.06.039
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.06.039
issn: 0022-2836
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