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The coxBAC Operon Encodes a Cytochrome c Oxidase Required for Heterotrophic Growth in the Cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis Strain ATCC 29413

AuthorsSchmetterer, Georg; Valladares, Ana ; Pils, Dietmar; Steinbach, Susanne; Pacher, Margit; Muro-Pastor, Alicia M. ; Flores, Enrique ; Herrero, Antonia
Issue Date2001
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationJournal of Bacteriology 183: 6429- 6434 (2001)
AbstractThree genes, coxB, coxA, and coxC, found in a clone from a gene library of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis strain ATCC 29413, were identified by hybridization with an oligonucleotide specific for aa3-type cytochrome c oxidases. Deletion of these genes from the genome of A. variabilis strain ATCC 29413 FD yielded strain CSW1, which displayed no chemoheterotrophic growth and an impaired cytochrome c oxidase activity. Photoautotrophic growth of CSW1, however, was unchanged, even with dinitrogen as the nitrogen source. A higher cytochrome c oxidase activity was detected in membrane preparations from dinitrogen-grown CSW1 than from nitrate-grown CSW1, but comparable activities of respiratory oxygen uptake were found in the wild type and in CSW1. Our data indicate that the identified cox gene cluster is essential for fructose-dependent growth in the dark, but not for growth on dinitrogen, and that other terminal respiratory oxidases are expressed in this cyanobacterium. Transcription analysis showed that coxBAC constitutes an operon which is expressed from two transcriptional start points. The use of one of them was stimulated by fructose.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1128/JB.183.21.6429–6434.2001
issn: 0021-9193
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