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Antimicrobial and rheological properties of chitosan as affected by extracting conditions and humidity exposure

AuthorsArancibia, Mirari ; López Caballero, M. E. ; Gómez Guillén, M. C. ; Fernández-García, Marta ; Fernández Martín, Fernando ; Montero García, Pilar
Viscoelastic properties
Water activity
Issue Date2015
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationFood Science and Technology 60: 802- 810 (2015)
Abstract© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. The antimicrobial activity of differently processed chitosans, of varying molecular weights (Mwv=5600-690kDa) and deacetylation degrees (DD=77-86 %), was tested against 26 microorganisms. Chitosan solutions and films were prepared by solubilizing chitosan with lactic acid without adding plasticizers. Films with different water activity (aw) were prepared by varying either drying time or relative humidity during film conditioning. In dilute solution (1g/100g, w/w), chitosan inhibited the growth of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, of which the most sensitive was Debaromyces hansenii. High antimicrobial activity was found in chitosans with different molecular weights and similar deacetylation degree (ChQ4: 1600kDa, 82% DD; ChR2: 2200kDa, 81% DD; ChR4: 830kDa, 83% DD). The films obtained from these chitosans were more effective when they were physically similar to coatings as a result of the increased aw, allowing diffusion of the active amino groups; moreover, this activity was further augmented at the more acidic pH. The superior rheological properties of the ChQ4 chitosan (1600kDa, 82% DD) would also confer high mechanical resistance, which makes it a versatile option for the development of antimicrobial coatings to be used for a wide range of food applications.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.lwt.2014.10.019
issn: 0023-6438
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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