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Title

Continuous culture methodology for the screening of microalgae for oil

AuthorsDel Río, E. ; Armendáriz, Ana; García-Gómez, Elena ; García-González, Mercedes ; Guerrero, Miguel G.
KeywordsMicroalgae
Continuous culture
Photochemostat
Fatty acid productivity
Biodiesel
Issue Date2015
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Biotechnology, (2015)
AbstractA basic criterion in the selection of microalgae suitable as source of oil for biodiesel should be their actual capacity to produce lipids or, more properly, the fatty acid yield. Performance assessment of ten preselected microalgae under both batch and continuous culture points to the latter approach as the most adequate for evaluating fatty acid productivity. Differences were patent in continuous culture among strains that otherwise had analogous oil accumulation potential under batch culture. Some promising strains under batch culture (like Muriella aurantiaca and Monoraphidium braunii) exhibited, however, values for actual fatty acid productivity lower than 40 mg L-1d-1 in continuous regime. The analysis performed in photochemostat under continuous culture regime revealed the great potential of Chlorococcum olefaciens, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Scenedesmus almeriensis as oil producing microalgae. Fatty acid productivity levels over 90 mg L-1d-1 were recorded for the latter strains under moderate nitrogen limitation, conditions which led to an enrichment in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, a more suitable profile as raw material for biodiesel. The continuous culture methodology employed represents a sound procedure for screening microalgae for biofuel production, providing a reliable evaluation of their fatty acid production capacity, under conditions close to those of outdoor production systems
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.12.024
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/109427
DOI10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.12.024
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