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Closed Access item Purification, N-terminal sequencing and diagnostic value of the major antigens of Ornithodoros erraticus and O. moubata

Authors:Baranda, José A.
Pérez Sánchez, Ricardo
Oleaga, Ana
Manzano Román, Raúl
Encinas Grandes, Antonio
Keywords:Ornithodoros, Antigens, Characterization, Serology
Issue Date:Jan-2000
Publisher:Elsevier
Citation:Veterinary Parasitology 87(2-3): 193-206 (2000)
Abstract:To enhance the specificity and sensitivity of serological detection of swine exposed to Ornithodoros erraticus or O. moubata, we purified the 158, 186, 215 and 260 kDa antigens from the former species and the designated (owing to their MW and charge) 19C, 17A, 20A1 and 20A2 antigens of the latter by HPLC and gel electroelution methods. All the O. erraticus antigens share epitopes and are difficult to purify individually by reverse phase and ion-exchange chromatography due to their molecular similarity. Tested individually by ELISA, all of them give the same optical densities (OD) with anti-O. erraticus sera, and these ODs are always lower with anti-immature than with anti-adult sera. Although immature and adult specimens have the same antigens, immature forms induce more anti-carbohydrate antibodies than adults. This is the reason for the lower ODs of the anti-immature sera against purified antigens, since these latter antigens essentially react with anti-peptide antibodies (hence, increasing the specificity and sensitivity of the serology). The N-terminus of the 260 kDa antigen shows 80–90% similarity with the hemoglobin α-chain of many mammals. The antigens of O. moubata are proteins that are very different from one another and are, therefore, readily purified by ion exchange chromatography. The 20A1 antigen appears to be the most immunogenic and is recognized equally by anti-immature and anti-adult sera. This antigen does not give false positive reactions with the negative control sera analyzed and its N-terminus region shares 46.2% homology with the α-chain of the C3 component of rabbit complement.
Description:14 pages, 3 figures, 3 tables.-- PMID: 10622611 [PubMed].-- Available online on Nov 15, 1999.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(99)00169-7
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/10919
ISSN:0304-4017
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