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Study of boron behaviour in two spanish coal combustion power plants

AuthorsOchoa González, Raquel ; Fuente Cuesta, Aida ; Córdaba, Patricia; Díaz Somoano, Mercedes ; Font, Oriol ; López Antón, María Antonia ; Querol, Xavier ; Martínez Tarazona, María Rosa
KeywordsBoron determination
Boron partitioning
Coal combustion
Issue DateOct-2011
CitationJournal of Environmental Management 92(10): 2586-2589 (2011)
AbstractA full-scale field study was carried out at two Spanish coal-fired power plants equipped with electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and wet flue gas desulfurisation (FGD) systems to investigate the distribution of boron in coals, solid by-products, wastewater streams and flue gases. The results were obtained from the simultaneous sampling of solid, liquid and gaseous streams and their subsequent analysis in two different laboratories for purposes of comparison. Although the final aim of this study was to evaluate the partitioning of boron in a (co-)combustion power plant, special attention was paid to the analytical procedure for boron determination. A sample preparation procedure was optimised for coal and combustion by-products to overcome some specific shortcomings of the currently used acid digestion methods. In addition boron mass balances and removal efficiencies in ESP and FGD devices were calculated. Mass balance closures between 83 and 149% were obtained. During coal combustion, 95% of the incoming boron was collected in the fly ashes. The use of petroleum coke as co-combustible produced a decrease in the removal efficiency of the ESP (87%). Nevertheless, more than 90% of the remaining gaseous boron was eliminated via the FGD in the wastewater discharged from the scrubber, thereby causing environmental problems.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.05.028
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