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Estimation of Vegetation Water Content with MODIS data and Radiative Transfer Simulation

AuthorsZarco-Tejada, Pablo J. ; Ustin, S. L.
KeywordsVegetation Water Content
Radiative Transfer Simulation
Issue Date2002
AbstractRadiative-transfer physically-based studies have previously demonstrated the relationship between leaf water content and leaf-level reflectance in the near-infrared spectral region. The successful scaling up of such methods to the canopy level requires modeling the effect of canopy structure and viewing geometry on reflectance bands and optical indices used for estimation of water content, such as NDWI and SRWI. This study conducts a radiative transfer simulation, linking leaf and canopy models, to study the effects of leaf structure, dry matter content, leaf area index, and the viewing geometry, on the estimation of leaf equivalent water thickness from canopy-level reflectance. The applicability of radiative transfer model inversion methods to MODIS is studied, investigating its spectral capability for water content estimation. A field sampling campaign was undertaken for analysis of leaf water content from leaf samples in 10 study sites of chaparral vegetation in California, USA, between March and June 2000. MODIS reflectance data were processed from the same period for equivalent water thickness estimation by model inversion linking the PROSPECT leaf model and SAILH canopy reflectance model. MODIS reflectance and viewing geometry values obtained from MOD09A1 product, and LAI from MOD15A2 were used as inputs in the model inversion for estimation of leaf equivalent water thickness, dry matter, and leaf structure. Results showed good correlation between the time series of MODISestimated equivalent water thickness and ground measured leaf fuel moisture content (r2=0.7), showing that radiative transfer methods can be used for global monitoring of vegetation water content with MODIS.
DescriptionIn Proceedings of the First International Sysmposium on Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing, Valencia, Spain, 16-20 September, 2002
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Comunicaciones congresos
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