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Coal structure and reactivity changes induced by chemical demineralisation

AuthorsRubiera González, Fernando ; Arenillas de la Puente, Ana ; Pevida García, Covadonga ; García Fernández, Roberto ; Pis Martínez, José Juan ; Steel, K.M.; Patrick, J.W.
KeywordsCoal demineralisation
Issue DateDec-2002
CitationFuel Processing Technology 79(3): 273-279 (2002)
AbstractThe aim of this work was to determine the influence that an advanced demineralisation procedure has on the combustion characteristics of coal. A high-volatile bituminous coal with 6.2% ash content was treated in a mixture of hydrofluoric and fluorosilicic acids (HF/H2SiF6). Nitric acid was used either as a pretreatment, or as a washing stage after HF/H2SiF6 demineralisation, with an ash content as low as 0.3% being attained in the latter case. The structural changes produced by the chemical treatment were evaluated by comparison of the FTIR spectra of the raw and treated coal samples. The devolatilisation and combustibility behaviour of the samples was studied by using a thermobalance coupled to a mass spectrometer (TGA-MS) for evolved gas analysis. The combustibility characteristics of the cleaned samples were clearly improved, there being a decrease in SO2 emissions.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3820(02)00185-6
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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