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A case study for irrigation modernisation: II: Scenario analysis

AuthorsPlayán Jubillar, Enrique ; Slatni, Adel; Castillo, R.; Faci González, José María
Issue DateJan-2000
CitationAgricultural Water Management 42 (3): 335–354 (2000)
AbstractSurface irrigation simulation models have seldom been used in engineering practise, and district modernisation is not an exception. Surface irrigation evaluations were performed in the Almudévar irrigation district to obtain the parameters required for surface irrigation modelling. The total district irrigated area was divided into 92 design units, for which a characteristic blocked-end border was defined. Simulation was used to establish the current irrigation performance in each design unit, and district performance contour maps were built. Irrigation performance was characterised using potential application efficiency, with an average of 54%, and irrigation time, averaging 6 h ha−1. Simulated potential application efficiency of the low quarter was similar to the seasonal irrigation performance index (an estimate of irrigation efficiency) presented in the companion paper. A set of seven modernisation scenarios was defined. Two strategies were identified to improve the potential application efficiency in the scenarios: increase the irrigation discharge into the current blocked-end borders and/or substitute the current system with a solid set sprinkler irrigation system. The performance of each scenario was estimated using irrigation models to determine efficiency, water conservation and irrigation time. The modernisation investment costs were estimated and compared to the performance of each scenario. The best results (potential application efficiency of 77%, reduced water allocation by 14.4 106 m3 year−1) were obtained by a combination of blocked-end irrigation with a discharge of 200 l s−1 and sprinkler irrigation in the areas where surface irrigation efficiency could not attain 50%. The investment cost for this scenario was 3932 Euro ha−1. More expensive scenarios did not guarantee better performance.
Description42 Pags.- 5 Tabls.- 9 Figs. The definitive version is available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03783774
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(99)00051-7
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